This guide is a general introduction to the land grants of South Texas. It intended for students and new researchers seeking primary and secondary source materials on Cameron, Hidalgo, and Starr counties. It is not intended for genealogists and researchers seeking more comprehensive information on family lineage and descendancy.
Private land grants in South Texas did not begin until the mid-eighteenth century when colonists settled by José de Escandón in the province of Nuevo Santander sought individual land allocations. In 1767 a Spanish royal commission began surveying and granting possession along the Rio Grande in the villas of Laredo, Mier, Camargo, Revilla, and Reynosa.
They were followed by Mexican Land Grants (1810-1836) and Texas Land Grants, which began with the Republic's independence in 1836. Texas Land Grants were patented by the state legislature when it confirmed the original grantees, and their heirs, Spanish or Mexican land grant titles. Therefore, heirs have both the genealogical and legal designation that are critical to land grant research.
There were 170 Spanish Land Grants, or porciones, in Texas. Porciones are elongated strips of land with a narrow segment along the Rio Grande to ensure each grantee had access to water for agricultural irrigation. Each porcion was assigned a number and were also named for colonists, saints, or the physical or natural characteristics of the area. The final commission and possession of each porcion was recorded in Acts of the Visit of the Royal Commissioners (Autos de la general visita) for the five villas.
Files include abstracts, correspondence, document packets and other legal documents, newspaper clippings, publications, and photographs. UTRGV Special Collections & Archives, Edinburg (ELIBR-0039).
The collection consists of business and personal files from John H. Shary, the largest collection of which is the United Irrigation Company series. The collection primarily contains business files, correspondence, internal memos, legal proceedings, maps, blueprints, and newspaper and magazine clippings. Majority of material found in 1912-1952. UTRGV Special Collections & Archives, Edinburg (ELIBR-0002).
Series IV: Real Estate - Documents, 1880-2000. Contains real estate documents pertaining to the history of ownership or ownership of land. Series 4.1 Abstracts of Title contains 27 boxes; Series 4.2 Document Packets contains 27 boxes of Deeds listed by number and name; Series 4.3 Other Document Packets contains 4 boxes of Deeds for Sharyland lots and miscellaneous northern properties; Series 4.4 Document Packets - Northern Properties contains 8 boxes of Deeds listed by name for properties located north of South Texas.
The papers of Menton Murray (1907-1989) consist of correspondence, photos, books, periodicals, speeches, awards and newspaper clippings. The papers document Murray’s careers as a journalist, lawyer, and Texas State Legislator. Additional activities include: Lion’s Club, Knights of Columbus, Harlingen Cardinal’s Quarterback Club, the Cameron County Historical Society and many more. The collection contains information on Murray’s World War II service and his personal life. The collection includes abstracts of titles for the Brownsville and Harlingen townsites, as well as other legal documentation for land transactions and porciones. UTRGV Special Collections & Archives, Brownsville (BLIBR-0015).
Students registered for the CHAPS course, "Discovering the Rio Grande Valley: The Natural and Cultural History of South Texas," experience a combination of classroom and “field” activities. The main project consists of research on a given family and its property, including field research activities like oral history, archeological research, land ownership/title, GIS mapping, and biological research. Their contribution culminates in a published porciones report.
Letters, genealogies, abstracts of title, affidavits, appeals, attachments, bills of sale, bonds, briefs, checks, contracts, deeds, insurance policies, leases, mortgages, opinions, summons, wills, notes, maps, and broadsides comprise the Francis William Seabury Papers (1714-1946), which document Seabury's career as an attorney and legislator. The papers consist of correspondence and case records relating to various litigations, during Seabury's career. Furthermore, the papers contain genealogical information, Seabury's personal papers, and personal correspondence.
The research guides compiled by UTRGV staff and students are intended to assist patrons who are embarking upon new research endeavors. Our goal is to expand their knowledge of the types of resources available on a given topic, including books, archival materials, and websites. In so doing, our compilers have taken care to include collections, digital items, and resources that may be accessed not only through UTRGV but also via other institutions, repositories, and websites.
We wholeheartedly respect the research interests of others. Therefore, please contact us if you wish to submit a resource for consideration, or if you have a question about or an issue with a specific cited resource.
This collection started with the work of borderlands historian, Dr. Sonia Hernandez, who oversaw student research on porciones, or Spanish land grants. This research begins with life histories of local families and traces their land acquisition to first European contact in the borderlands. Following the course of approximately 300 years of change, the histories specify the shifts that large tracts of property underwent as evidenced by the official records of land title and warranty deeds, official family trees, maps, photos, oral histories and letters.
This collection is part of a larger project devoted to documenting Borderlands history developed with the Community Historical Archaeology Project with Schools (CHAPS).
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