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Books from Our Catalog
Native American Peoples of South Texas by Preface: "More than 120 years ago, Frederick Jackson Turner
commented on the closing of the American frontier as a defining
characteristic of America. Today, “parts unknown” and “terra
incognita” are not terms we normally associate with our
knowledge of the modern United States. Over these six score
years, the country has been mapped by geographers, its natural
resources have been documented by geologists, and its Native
peoples, both prehistoric and historic have been studied by
anthropologists, archaeologists, and historians. Yet, in some
corners of the country, our knowledge of these aspects of our past
is slim to nonexistent, a tabula rasa. The interior of deep south
Texas-Hidalgo, Starr, and Zapata Counties- is one such region. "
Publication Date: 2014
Indians of the Rio Grande Delta by Certain to become a standard reference in its field, Indians of the Rio Grande Delta is the first single-volume source on these little-known peoples. Working from innumerable primary documents in various Texan and Mexican archives, Martin Salinas has compiled data on more than six dozen named groups that inhabited the area in the sixteenth through the eighteenth centuries. Depending on available information, he reconstructs something of their history, geographical range and migrations, demography, language, and culture. He also offers general information on various unnamed groups of Indians, on the lifeways of the indigenous peoples, and on the relations between the Indian groups and the colonial Spanish missions in the region.
Publication Date: 1990-04-01
The Indians of Texas: From Prehistoric to Modern Times (eBook) by "Newcomb's book is likely to remain the best general work on Texas Indians for a long time." -- American Antiquity "The Indians of Texas, by W. W. Newcomb, Jr., is an excellent and long-needed survey of the ethnography of the Indian tribes who resided within the present limits of Texas since the beginning of the historic period.... The book is the most comprehensive. scholarly, and authoritative account covering all the Indians of Texas, and is an invaluable and indispensable reference for students of Texas history, for anthropologists, and for lovers of Indian lore." -- Ethnohistory "Dr. Newcomb writes persuasively and with economy, and he has used his material very well indeed.... his presentation makes good reading of what might have been a book only for the specialists." -- Saturday Review
Publication Date: 2002
American Indian Histories and Cultures American Indian Histories and Cultures is a collection of manuscripts, artwork, speeches, diaries, essays, correspondence, maps, and more covering areas such as American Indians and the European Powers, American Indians and the US Government, military encounters, cultural encounters, the native American civil rights movement, and more.
American West The American West contains primary documents covering frontier life, Native American life, the rise of the railways, and much more, and includes the papers of early pioneers and explorers, early emigrants, ranchers, and more.
Bibliography of Native North Americans Bibliography of Native North Americans "is a bibliographic database covering all aspects of native North American culture, history, and life. This resource covers a wide range of topics including archaeology, multicultural relations, gaming, governance, legend, and literacy... Dates of coverage for included content range from the sixteenth century to the present."
SEARCH or BROWSE the links below:
Coahuiltecan Research Guide
This research guide aims to help students interested on researching the Coahuiltecans of South Texas. Provided are a list of useful primary and secondary sources offered by the UTRGV Special Collections and Archives via online or on campus. Listed with these sources is what information you can expect to gather from that source that could be considered useful or relevant to the research topic, Coahuiltecans. Also included is a general background or topic description of the Coahuiltecans to provide an idea of what the student should be looking for.
Coahuiltecans were one of the indigenous groups that occupied the Rio Grande delta area of South Texas. Unlike most native groups, there is no set example of Coahuiltecan culture. This is because the Coahuiltecans are actually multiple native groups placed into a larger group which was labeled the Coahuiltecans after the Mexican state of Coahuila. Most sources on this list can provide examples of what types of food were eaten, how they obtained food, how they would move, and even how they would fight. What sources will lack is the ability to describe the distinct cultural identities of the groups that made up the Coahuiltecans.
Primary Sources: Coahuiltecan
The Bexar Archives are described on the Briscoe Center for American History website as “the official Spanish documents that preserve the political, military, economic, and social life of the Spanish province of Texas and the Mexican state of Coahulia y Texas. Both in their volume and breadth of subject matter, the Bexar Archives are the single most important source for the history of Hispanic Texas up to 1836.” Included with these documentations of the past of Spanish Texas are the interactions between the Spanish settlers and the indigenous peoples of Texas. These sources can be quite useful for getting a sensed of how the Spanish settlers interacted with natives, what they thought about them, and over all how they treated them. The Bexar Archives contents can be viewed translated or in their original form online or through the UTRGV Special Collections and Archives microfilm collection.
Secondary Sources: Coahuiltecan
||Centennial Edition of local newspaper, The Daily Review, regarding 100 years of history for Hidalgo County, Texas (1852-1952). Published December 7, 1952.
Rio Bravo: A Journal of the Borderlands
See Rio Bravo Spring 1994 v.3 no.2, "Boca de Potrerillos and the Prehistory of Northeastern Mexico," by Wm. Breen Murray
"COAHUILTECAN INDIANS. The lowlands of northeastern Mexico and adjacent southern Texas were originally occupied by hundreds of small, autonomous, distinctively named Indian groups that lived by hunting and gathering. During the Spanish colonial period a majority of these natives were displaced from their traditional territories by Spaniards advancing from the south and Apaches retreating from the north." Continue reading online.
Natives. Padre Island National Seashore.
"The peoples who most recently inhabited the coast of South Texas were the Coahuiltecans and the Karankawas. Both were groups of interrelated nomadic hunter-gatherer bands that roamed the coast and inland for some distance." Read more via NPS online.
Research Compiled by William D. Bennett
William Bennett is pursuing a Bachelor of Arts degree in mass communication at the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley (UTRGV) with minors in history and anthropology. William hopes to pursue a career in either broadcast or print journalism in the future, but he still has an interest in history. During his time with Special Collections & Archives, William has collaborated and assisted with the creation of several exhibits and events. In so doing, he as gained experience planning and installing displays as well as processing archival materials, including photographs and manuscripts. William’s continues to grow his interest in research, history, and helping others continues in his work in the department.